نشریه انجمن علمی روانشناسی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی صنعتی و سازمانی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 استادیار گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی ویژگی­های روانسنجی مقیاس 18 ماده­ای تعارض کار-خانواده ساخته­ی (Carlson et al., 2000) به عنوان یک مقیاس چندبعدی تعارض کار-خانواده و مقیاس 6 ماده‌ای تعارض کار-خانواده ساخته (Matthews et al., 2010) ، به عنوان مقیاسی کوتاه با تعداد ماده­های کم انجام شد. بدین منظور 350 نفر از کارکنان شرکت حفاری شمال شعبه اهواز در پژوهش شرکت کردند و پرسش­نامه­های پژوهش را تکمیل کردند. بررسی همسانی درونی سوالات پرسش­نامه با روش آلفای کرونباخ و همبستگی هر سوال با نمره کل آزمون نشان داد این دو مقیاس از پایایی قابل قبولی برخوردار هستند. به منظور بررسی اعتبار (روایی) مقیاس­ها از دو روش استفاده شد. اول) تحلیل عامل تأییدی، مطابق با انتظار نشان داد که مدل های سه عاملی برای مقیاس تعارض کار-خانواده و خانواده-کار (Carlson et al., 2000)، و همچنین مدل دو عاملی برای مقیاس تعارض کار-خانواده و خانواده-کار (Matthews et al., 2010)، به خوبی با داده ها برازش دارند. دوم) نتایج حاصل از بررسی اعتبار تجربی نشان داد، هر دو مقیاس تعارض کار-خانواده با مقیاس افسردگی رابطه مثبت و با مقیاس­های رضایت از زندگی و شادکامی ذهنی رابطه منفی دارند. در مجموع یافته­های تحقیق نشان دادند که هر دو مقیاس تعارض کار-خانواده، همسان با پژوهش­های انجام شده قبلی از اعتبار و پایایی قابل قبولی برخوردارند. در نتیجه از آن می­توان برای سنجش این سازه در کارکنان ایرانی استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Psychometric Properties of Long and Short Forms of Work-Family Conflict Scale

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Esmaeil Hashemi 1
  • Seyed Mohammad Javad Mousavinia 2
  • Atousa GHASEMINEZHADDEHKORDI 3

1 Professor, Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

2 PhD student of I/O psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Departement of Physical Education, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

چکیده [English]

This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the 18-item work-family conflict scale developed by Carlson, et al (2000) as an existing most comprehensive scale and the 6-item work-family conflict scale developed by Matthews et al. (2010) as a short scale with few items. For this purpose, 350 employees of the North Drilling Company of Ahvaz Branch participated in the research and completed the research questionnaires. Examination of the internal consistency of the questionnaire questions by Cronbach's alpha method and the correlation of each question with the total test score showed that these two scales have acceptable reliability. To evaluate the validity of the scales, two methods were used: First, the confirmatory factor analysis, as expected, showed that the three-factor models for the work-family and family-work conflict scale Carlson et al. (2000), as well as the two-factor model for the work-family and family-work conflict scale Matthews et al. (2010), fit well with the data. Second, the results of the empirical validity study showed that both work-family conflict scales have a positive relationship with the depression scale and a negative relationship with the satisfaction with life and subjective happiness scales. Overall, the research findings showed that both scales of work-family conflict, similar to the previous research, have acceptable validity and reliability. As a result, it can be used to measure this structure in Iranian employees.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • work-family conflict
  • Depression
  • Satisfaction with Life
  • Subjective Happiness
Ahmad, A., Muazzam, A., Anjum, A., Visvizi, A. & Navaz, R. (2020). Linking Work-Family Conflict (WFC) and Talent Management: Insights from a Developing Country. Sustainability, 12(7), 1-17.
Ahmadi, N., & Ahmadi, F. (1998). Iranian Islam: The concept of the individual. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Ahmed, H. (2014). Examine the relationship between work-family conflict and its impact on job satisfaction leading to turnover. Journal of Business & Management, 16(7), 73-78.
Alby, F., Fatigante, M., & Zucchermaglio, C. (2014). Discursive representations of family and household commitment in working mothers and father. Ricerche di Psicologia, 1, 7-32.
Allen, T. D., Herst, D. E. L., Bruck, C. S., & Sutton, M. (2000). Consequences associated with work-to-family conflict: A review and agendafor future research. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(2), 278–308.
Bayani, A. A., Koocheky, A. M., & Goodarzi, H. (2007). The reliability and validity of the satisfaction with life scale. Dev Psychol, 3(11), 259-65. [In Persian]
Carlson, D. S., Kacmar, K. M., & Williams, L. J. (2000). Construc-tion and initial validation of a multidimensional measure ofwork–family conflict. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 56(2), 249–276.
Carroll, S. J., Hill, E. J., Yorgason, J. B., Larson, J. H., & Sandberg, J. G. (2013). Couple communication as a mediator between work–family conflict and marital satisfaction. Contemporary Family Therapy, 35, 530-545.
Colquitt, J. A. (2001). On the dimensionality of organizational justice: A construct validation of a measure. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 386-400.
Curbow, B., McDonnell, K., Spratt, K., Griffin, J., & Agnew, J. (2003). Development of the work-family interface scale. Early Childhood Research, 18(3), 310-330.
Darlington, R. B. (1990). Regression and linear models. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Dastmalchian, A., Javidan, M., & Alam, K. (2001). Effective leadership and culture in Iran: An empirical study. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 50(4), 532_558.
Diener, E. D., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of personality assessment, 49(1), 71-75.
Ghadampour, E., Yousefvand, L., & Radmehr, P. (2018). The compare effectiveness of cognitive and Meta cognitive strategies education on academic hope of girl and boy students. Biquarterly Journal of Cognitive Strategies in Learning, 5(9), 33-47. [In Persian]
Goode, W. J. (1960). A theory of role strain. American Sociological Review,25(4), 483–496.
Greenhaus, J. H., & Beutell, N. J. (1985). Sources of conflict between work and family roles. Academy of Management Review, 10, 76-88.
Greenhaus, J. H., & Beutell, N. J. (1985). Sources of conflict between workand family roles. Academy of Management Review, 10(1), 76-88.
Guille, C., Frank, E., Zhao, Z., Kalmbach, D. A., Nietert, P. J., Mata, D. A., & Sen, S. (2017). Work-family conflict and the sex difference in depression among training physicians. JAMA internal medicine, 177(12), 1766-1772.
Gutek, B. A., Searle, S., & Klepa, L. (1991). Rational versus gender role expla-nations for work–family conflict. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76(4), 560-568.
Hayman, J. (2005). Psychometric assessment of an instrument designed to measure work life balance. Research and Practice in Human Resource Management, 13(1), 85-91.
Hofstede, G. (1984). Cultural consequences, international differences in work-related values. London: Sage Publications.
House, R., Javidian, M., Dorfman, P. (2001). Project GLOBE: An introduction. Applied Psychology, 50(4), 489-505.
Ishola, A. A., Kenku, A. A., & Aroyewun, F. T. (2018). Work-family Conflict and Demographic Variables as Co-Variants of Life Satisfaction among Nurses from Selected Healthcare Facilities in the Ibadan Metropolis. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 11(1), 523-528.
Kroenke, K., Spitzer, R. L., & Williams, J. B. (2001). The PHQ‐9: validity of a brief depression severity measure. Journal of general internal medicine, 16(9), 606-613.
Lee, D. J., Grace, B. Y., Sirgy, M. J., Singhapakdi, A., & Lucianetti, L. (2018). The effects of explicit and implicit ethics institutionalization on employee life satisfaction and happiness: The mediating effects of employee experiences in work life and moderating effects of work–family life conflict. Journal of Business Ethics, 147(4), 855-874.
Loscalzo, Y., & Giannini, M. (2015). Workaholism: Cosa c’è di nuovo? [Workaholism: What’s new?]. Counseling, 8(3), 29-43.
Loscalzo, Y., & Giannini, M. (2017). A clinical conceptualization of workaholism: A comprehensive model. Organizational Psychology Review, 7, 306-329.
Loscalzo, Y., Giannini, M., Contena, B., Gori, A., & Benvenuti, P. (2015). The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale for fathers: A contribution to the validation for an Italian sample. General Hospital Psychiatry, 37, 521-526.
Loscalzo, Y., Raffagnino, R., Gonnelli, C., & Giannini, M. (2019). Work–Family Conflict Scale: Psychometric Properties of the Italian Version. Sage Open9(3), 2158244019861495.
Lyubomirsky, S., & Lepper, H. S. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability and construct validation. Social indicators research, 46(2), 137-155.
Matthews, R. A., Kath, L. M., & Barnes-Farrell, J. L. (2010). A short, valid, predictive measure of work–family conflict: Item selection and scalevalidation. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 15(1), 75–90.
Moore, S. H., Grunberg, L., & Krause, A. J. (2014). The relationship between work and home: Examination of white and bluecollar generational differences in a large U.S. organization. Psychology, 5, 1768-1776.
Motesharrei, M. H., Neisi, A. K., & Arshadi, A. (2013). The test of validity and reliability of Carlson, Kacmar & Williams work-family conflict Questionnaire (2000). J Indust/OrgPsychol, 4(14), 65-73. [In Persian]
Netemeyer, R. G., Boles, J. S., & McMurrian, R. (1996). Develop-ment and validation of work–family conflict and family–workconflict scales. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(4), 400–410.
O’Shea, M. (2003). Culture shock! Iran. Portland, Oregon: Graphic Arts Center Publishing Company.
Ollier-Malaterre, A., Valcour, M., Den Dulk, L., & Kossek, E. E. (2013). heo-rizing national context to develop comparative work–life research: A review and research agenda. European Management Journal, 31, 433–44.
Panatik, S. A. B., Badri, S. K. Z., Rajab, A., Rahman, H. A., & Shah, I. M. (2011). The impact of work family conflict on psychological well-being among school teachers in Malaysia. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 29, 1500-1507.
RezaieeAhvanuiee, M., Abbasi, M., & Dargahi, S. (2018). The role of work-family conflict and job stress in the prediction of job engagement of nurses. Alborz University Medical Journal, 7(2), 98-106. [In Persian]
Rief, W., Nanke, A., Klaiberg, A., & Braehler, E. (2004). Base rates for panic and depression according to the Brief Patient Health Questionnaire: a population-based study. Journal Of Affective Disorders, 82(2), 271-276.
Sadock BJ, Sadock VA. (2011).  Kaplan and Sadock's synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Seto, M., Morimoto, K., & Maruyama, S. (2004). Effects of work-related factors and work-family conflict on depression among Japanese working women living with young children. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 9(5), 220-227.
SHEYKHSHABANI, S. E. H., ARSHADI, N., & BAZRAFKAN, H. (2012). The effect of work-family conflict on job satisfaction and mental health. Family Counseling and Psychotherapy, 1(3), 349-365. [In Persian]
Spitzer, R. L., Kroenke, K., Williams, J. B., Patient Health Questionnaire Primary Care Study Group, & Patient Health Questionnaire Primary Care Study Group. (1999). Validation and utility of a self-report version of PRIME-MD: the PHQ primary care study. Jama, 282(18), 1737-1744.
Stephens, G. K., & Sommer, S. M. (1996). The measurement of workto family conflict. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 56(3), 475–486.
Turliuca, M. N., & Buligaa, D. (2014). Work-family conflict and job and family satisfaction. The mediating role of cognitions. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, 159, 105-109.
Vaghefi, M. R. (1975). Entrepreneurs of Iran: The role of business leaders in the development of Iran. Palo Alto, CA: Altoan.
Vieira, J. M., Àvila, M., & Matos, P. M. (2012). Attachment and parenting: The mediating role of work-family balance in Portuguese parents of preschool children. Family Relations. Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Science, 61(1), 31-50.
Vieira, J. M., Lopez, F. G., & Matos, P. M. (2014). Further validation of Work–Family Conflict and Work–Family Enrichment Scales among Portuguese working parents. Journal of Career Assessment, 22, 329-344.
Yan, J. I. A. N. G. (2007). Research into the influence of time management trend on the subjective happiness in the work-family conflict. Journal of Xinyu College, 02.
Zhang, H., Yip, P., Chi, P., Chan, K., Cheung, Y., & Zhang, X. (2012). Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Work-Family Balance Scale in an urban Chinese sample. Social Indicators Research, 105, 409-418.