نشریه انجمن علمی روانشناسی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی عمومی، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران

2 استاد مدعو، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران و استاد، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران

4 استاد، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران

5 دانشیار، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

خانواده یک محیط پر محبت و حمایت‌کننده برای اعضای خانواده تعریف می‌کنند، چنانچه خانواده گرفتار کشمکش، کژکاری و خشونت درونی بین افراد شود، جایگاه خود را به‌عنوان یک پایگاه عاطفی-روانی برای اعضای خود از دست می‌دهد. در این میان تعارضات زناشویی یکی از مشکلاتی است که که در تمام دنیا خانواده‌ها با آن مواجه‌اند. هدف این پژوهش مقایسه اثربخشی طرحواره درمانی هیجان محور و درمان کوتاه‌مدت راه‌حل‌محور بر بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و انعطاف‌پذیری‌کنشی در زنان دارای تعارض زناشویی بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل کلیه زنان مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز روان‌شناختی شهر اهواز در سال 1398 بود که تعداد 45 زن به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایشی و یک گروه کنترل قرار گرفتند. جهت گردآوری داده‌ها از پرسش­نامه‌‌های تعارض‌های زناشویی(MCQ)، بهزیستی روان‌شناختی (PWB) و انعطاف‌پذیری‌کنشی (CD-RIS)، استفاده شد. پژوهش حاضر از نظر روش ‌آزمایشی میدانی با طرح پیش‌آزمون-پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. گروه آزمایش اول، مداخلة طرحواره درمانی هیجان محور (12 جلسه 120 دقیقه‌ای)  و گروه آزمایش دوم، درمان کوتاه‌مدت راه‌حل‌محور (6 جلسه 120 دقیقه‌ای) دریافت کردند و گروه کنترل هیچ نوع مداخله‌ای دریافت نکردند. نتایج نشان داد که هر دو مداخلة درمانی در افزایش بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و انعطاف‌پذیری‌کنشی در زنان دارای تعارض زناشویی مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز روان‌شناختی مؤثر واقع شدند. اما بین اثربخشی دو درمان بر بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و انعطاف‌پذیری‌کنشی در زنان دارای تعارض زناشویی مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز روان‌شناختی، تفاوت معنی‌داری وجود نداشت. بنابراین می‌توان، از طرحواره درمانی هیجان‌محور و درمان کوتاه‌مدت راه‌حل‌محور در جهت افزایش بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و انعطاف‌پذیری‌کنشی در زنان بهره برد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The comparison of effectiveness of emotion-oriented schema therapy and solution- focused brief therapy (SFBT) on psychological well-being and resiliency in women with marital conflicts referring to psychological centers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mitra Mirabi 1
  • Mahnaz Mehrabizadeh Honarmand 2
  • Fariba Hafezi 3
  • Farah Naderi 4
  • Parvin Ehteshamzadeh 5

1 PhD Student of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Invited Professor, Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran/ Professor, Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

4 Professor, Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

5 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

چکیده [English]

The family provides a loving and supportive environment for family members. If a family becomes involved with internal conflict, distortion, and violence between individuals, it loses its status as an emotional-psychological base for its members. In this regard, marital conflict is one of the problems that families face all over the world. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of emotion-based schema therapy and short-term solution-based therapy on psychological well-being and flexibility-action in women with marital conflict. The statistical population of this study included all women referring to psychological centers in Ahvaz in 2019 that 45 women were selected by purposive sampling and randomly divided into two experimental groups and one control group. The Marital Conflict Questionnaire (MCQ), Psychological Well-Being (PWB), and Action Flexibility (CD-RIS) questionnaires were used to collect data. The present study was an experimental field study with a pre-test-post-test design with a control group. The first experimental group received emotion-based schema therapy intervention (twelve 120-minutes sessions) and the second experimental group received short-term solution-based therapy (six 120-minutes sessions), and the control group did not receive any intervention. The results showed that both therapeutic interventions were effective in increasing psychological well-being and action flexibility in women with marital conflict who were referred to psychological centers. However, there was no significant difference between the effectiveness of the two therapies on psychological well-being and functional flexibility in the respondents. Therefore, it is possible to use emotion-based therapy schema and short-term solution-based therapies to increase psychological well-being and flexibility of action in these women.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotion-oriented schema Therapy training
  • Solution- Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) training
  • marital conflict
  • psychological well-being
  • Resiliency
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