نشریه انجمن علمی روانشناسی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

طلاق یکی از پیچیده­ترین پدیده­های اجتماعی است که ارکان خانواده را دچار تزلزل نموده و بیشترین اثرات مخرب آن متوجه کودکان خواهد بود. هدف از پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثربخشی آموزش مثبت­نگری بر کاهش مشکلات رفتاری درونی سازی شده کودکان طلاق بود. طرح پژوهش، نیمه­آزمایشی از نوع پیش­آزمون- پس­آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. 40 نفر از کودکان طلاق مقطع ابتدایی شهرستان عجب­شیر به روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند و سپس به صورت  تصادفی به دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل (هر گروه 20 نفر) اختصاص یافتند. برای جمع­آوری داده­ها از پرسش­نامه سیاهه رفتاری کودک (CBCL) استفاده شد. برای گروه آزمایشی 15 جلسه برنامه مداخله مثبت­نگری ویژه کودکان طلاق طی 5 هفته متوالی برگزار شد و گروه کنترل مداخله­ای دریافت نکرد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که مشکلات رفتاری درونی سازی شده کودکان در گروه آزمایش نسبت به گروه کنترل به طور معنی­داری کاهش یافت. بنابراین می­توان گفت که آموزش مثبت­نگری،  مشکلات درونی شده کودکان را کاهش داده و در این زمینه به آن­ها کمک خواهد کرد. منطبق با یافته­های پژوهش حاضر می­توان درمان مبتنی بر رویکرد مثبت­گرا را به عنوان یک روش درمانی مؤثر در جهت کاهش مشکلات درونی سازی شده از جمله اضطراب، افسردگی و گوشه­گیری در کودکان طلاق به کار گرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of a Positive Approach Intervention Program on the Internalized Problems of Divorced Children

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shahram Vahedi 1
  • Mir Mahmoud Haji Mir Akha 2
  • Zakiehe Najarian 3

1 Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

2 M.A. Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz branch, Tabriz, Iran

3 PhD student of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

چکیده [English]

Divorce is one of the most complex social phenomena that shakes the foundations of the family, and its most destructive effects will be on children. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Positive Psychology Training on reducing internalized behavioral problems of children from divorced families.  The research design was a quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test with a control group. The sample consisted of 40 students who were selected by the available sampling method from elementary schools of Ajabshir city and then randomly assigned to two experimental (n=20) and control groups (n=20). Child Behavioral Checklist Questionnaire (CBCL) was used to collect data. For the experimental group, 15 sessions of a positivity intervention program were held for 5 consecutive weeks and the control group did not receive any intervention. The results indicated that internalizing behavioral problems of students participating in the Positive Psychology classroom significantly decreased compared to the control group. Therefore, it can be concluded that the Positive Psychology Training program will reduce and assist children in internalizing problems. Consistent with the findings of the present study, the therapy based on a positive approach can be used as an effective treatment to reduce internalized disorders such as anxiety, depression, and isolation in children from divorced families.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Positive psychology
  • internalized behavioral problems
  • divorce children
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